poor credit rating will i get car finance nexium 40 mg endovenoso buy zovirax 600mg viagra prices comparison viagra generico svizzera how create a new credit file order cheap tinadozle cheap cialis prescriptions viagra albany buy online test for amh how do you check how to get your credit score online checking free credit report bad find how to find out your credit rating canada how does a how payday cash advance works prednisone mylan 5mg cheap 5 mg cialis bactrim online prescription nexium online kopen viagra professional uk cost of azithromycin without insurance mister cheque cheap payday advances furosemide medication what is it for merchant accounts pull credit reports for credit repair companies u s government site for free credit report continental legal credit repair services different viagra products kamagra 247.co.uk viagra 75 mg piperazine viagra viagra break dance levitra 20 mg schmelztabletten generic viagra online 20 pfizer viagra model nebivololo e viagra aspirina como viagra the best credit monitoring service viagra vs triglyceride get viagra yahoo steps to starting starting a credit repair business in texas where does the information on a credit report come from clomid generic substitute zovirax 800 mg tablet prednisone tab 50mg uk kamagra paypal cialis de 10mg getting a credit card with bad credit free red viagra levitra oat 10mg nexium 20 mg comprimidos experian debt and credit repair prijs viagra belgie free credit report commercial actor lyrics viagra bradicardia viagra help thinking kamagra viagra buy eliberare viagra nexium 20 mg wikipedia clomid nausea day 21 american credit experts ace group inc boots online cialis get my fico score free levitra prescription generic what are the three credit reports companies freigabe viagra prednisone 75 mg how to build a business credit rating 20 mg cialis sufficient generic viagra product sandia viagra yahoo fuckingme viagra clomid cheap fha low credit loans viagra untuk cewek how to clear your credit report after 7 years cena tabletek xenical what the best credit score possible top 3 credit reporting bureaus cuarto de viagra phenergan elixir online xenical online generic where can i get a car loan with bad credit no down payment cipralex side effects twitching generic viagra effective nexium 20mg buy greg wilson credit to the edit download cialis 500mg. viagra 10mg online mercury drug viagra istanbul viagra kopen viagra online kob nexium 40 mg preis pauto cialis 05 mg generic price viagra cash loans with no credit checks in south africa how to check my real fico score cipro 500mg indications ordering levitra online 100mg viagra directions buying viagra cozumel disputing information on a credit report community first credit union oferta viagra viagra excipient credit repair help for low income people credit analyst graduate define fair credit billing act what is the difference in credit reports what is the credit card network annual free credit report check free personal credit repair group levitra 20mgcanada one hour payday cash advances no faxing cialis wholesale price. women viagra india zovirax tabletter 800 mg where is the best place to get a credit score and report lasix cheap online valtrex indications use rapid coles credit repair reviews clomid 200 mg pregnancy can you get a loan with bad personal loans with bad credit and no job nolvadex online legit nexium 40 mg esofagite taking 2mg propecia get car loan with bad credit in ohio credit plus personal car leasing legit do credit repair agencies work augmentin 500 mg pret prednisone 5mg use reviews viagra professional 1st advantage credit union in va cialis 10 mg effective uses of nexium moreno ocampo viagra lek nexium 20 mg generic lexapro 2012 march how to get your credit report updated what is a what is a legitimate credit repair company credit repair car insurance companies in ontario viagra super strength 150 viagra watermelon recipe levitra cheap levitra how to dispute a report how long does bad credit stay on your credit report disputing free credit report letter template cialis congestione nasale automedicarse viagra propranolol 120 mg anxiety viagra pills milwaukee makes generic levitra nexium dr 10mg how to check a credit score free renters free credit report for landlords experian credit reporting phone number free experian credit report denied buy msd propecia cheapest viagra superactive diy do it yourself credit repair information equifax free credit report online unavailable order propecia cheap credit repair light security companies in houston tx propecia finasteride 1mg what is the credit score based on precio levitra 20 mg credit computer repair west columbia sc nombre generico xenical low interest personal loans for bad credit flagging how to order your credit reports direct lenders for bad credit installment loans how to increase your credit how to increase credit score in 3 months xenical 120 mg farmacii kel what does credit repair cost glyburide metformin 5 500mg viagra inventor price tv on finance instant loans no credit check uk bijwerking nexium 40 mg canada generic cialis 100mg viagra viagra 19 anni viagra legality us 80mg cialis black canada us average credit score chart viagra review 100mg nexium mercury 20 mg fast fast online cash advance now viagra pil definitie improve credit rating martyn lewis money saving expert cipro 250 mg fiyati how to get loans with personal loans for bad credit in canada order viagra 50mg my credit score free south africa onset viagra lisinopril lupus erythematosus online cialis diagnosis liquid form viagra prescription viagra online what is the personal information included on your credit report ftc.gov free credit score quick payday loans online payday loans antibiotics from canada online nexium generic ppi viagra repeat prescription medicamento igual viagra aciclovir tablets no prescription company credit check software for landlords cheap legal propecia reporting identity theft canada protection zovirax ointment 100mg viagra retail 100mg credit ratings uk banks advance payday cash advance loans in charlottesville va generic cialis erfahrung legitimate credit repair attorney los angeles buy viagra powder 3 business credit bureaus 100mg sr wellbutrin buy wellbutrin 300 mg raising your credit how to increase your credit score in 6 months small business bad credit loans prednisone 5mg allergy viagra europe online viagra p mulher doxycycline 100mg n10 instant cash loans direct lenders levitra 10 mg italiano cialis wirkung 20mg cibil blood lab report meanings lasix furosemida 40 mg levitra tablets20mg strattera 60 mg effects cialis 5 mg colombia big three credit reports instant online cash advance lenders nh phizer viagra coupons 0.5 mg propecia eod do it yourself credit registry repair 2012 does home office check credit history online guardian jakarta viagra ordering doxycycline online viagra dose normal free do banks use corporate experian or duns for business credit checks capital resource credit consultants incorporated price viagra tiajuana xenical forum price definition de viagra viagra alternative thailand viagra a los 19 lexapro generic form illegal bad credit repair services notice to creditors texas harga cytotec 200mg viagra singing group check your credit history free australian penpals best car loan credit union buy viagra zurich payday loan direct lender only instant credit check for free no credit card needed anastrozole 1 mg buy online buying injectable viagra does a secured credit card build credit history clomid 100mg forums viagra pumping what are good credit scores usos de viagra viagra a phuket online credit report helper trustworthy generic viagra viagra street name buspar dogs bad credit loans uk business credit with no guarantor credit free z score calculator online free credit repair fastest lisinopril 12.5mg generic buspar reviews credit check canada free online buy clomid mexico how do i get a get a credit report on myself lexapro buy 10mg generic levitra odt cash advance loans no credit how to make a check in ms word buy bactrim mrsa prednisone tablets dissolution viagra poppers dangerous cash loans online california consumer reports 3 in 1 credit report and score discount cheapest cialis viagra genericno presciption h and r block loan advance 2014 viagra perscripition australia what is the law on free credit reports celebrex order canada ubat celebrex 200 mg lasix 20 mg tablets viagra dosage 200mg free credit reports from all 3 bureaus once a year check credit rating postcode finder 3 free credit score calculators what is a perfect credit score 2013 strattera buy online long term cash loans with bad credit lisinopril cause nausea when do credit cards report to credit bureau identity theft fbi uniform crime report 2013 contest how to update credit report information viagra 50 mg without celebrex 100mg cost how to improve how to improve your credit rating score free credit score government pages canada the three credit bureaus phone numbers credit report sample uk landlord tenant credit reports best small business credit cards for new business get free fico score view my credit report for free meditrust viagra prednisone dosage 25mg chewing viagra tablets zithromax 500 mg rezeptfrei buy clomid uk wellbutrin online viagra bei tinnitus gratis viagra testpackung viagra ice ecstasy genuinie viagra review sameday online payday loans direct lenders only viagra look lisinopril 20 mg ed buy lexapro 5mg levitra 5 mg wirkung purchase buspar astra credit company annual report what is condition derogatory on credit reports parmigiano viagra what is the best credit cards for poor credit cialis online canadese viagra overdose help kam reikalinga viagra roaccutan kaufen annual free credit report transunion credit report propecia goiing generic hoofdpijn door viagra identity theft national prize reporting center landlord tenant credit reports 24 hour cash loans with no credit check xenical buy paypal cialis 5 mg fuck generic viagra 20mg no fax no credit check no employment verification payday loans transunion credit score range south africa service tax credit on irs repairs & maintenance credit protection associates dallas tx nolvadex o generico american express prepaid credit reporting cards clomid generic buy business landlord equifax credit check canada free yearly credit report from all bureau credit card balance transfer promotions viagra generic soon how to see my credit score without paying loan credit score requirements viagra soft tabs what is your credit score if you if you have no credit history nogales generic viagra cheap generic levitra viagra over seventy 50mg viagra where can u buy prednisone government no credit check free cell phone viagra college fund muse or viagra italian pharmacy viagra buy prednisone uk lisinopril zestril 20 mg doxycycline online usa pickled
spacer.png, 0 kB
| UNYG Blog UNYG Blog | Favorite Links Favorite Links | FAQs FAQs | Contact Us Contact Us | Privacy Privacy | Site Map |
Print E-mail

On Using Land Records in Genealogy Research

By: Dick Hillenbrand

After doing historical and genealogical research since the 1960's I would like to recommend that fellow researchers take advantage of a few of the tricks of the trade that I have had the good fortune to have discovered or to have been taught by others.

The greatest amount of historical study that I am familiar with has been in central New York State, New England and the upper mid-western states.  The resources are generally similar and the descriptions given herein are likely the same in most places in America.  Most of what will be described shall concern relatively so called modern land records, such as the 19th, and 20th century.  Colonial records are quite often accessible through various sources however I will attempt to cover those in another paper.

It will be important to locate the current facility that is required by law to house the documents that you will be using.  The various county clerks' offices are where you are going to want to go and to learn how to use their indexes and finding aids.  You will want to learn what some of the terms are and how they might aid you in your search.  Grantor is the title of the person or party's selling the property.  Grantee is the title of the person purchasing or taking possession of the property.  Mortgagor is the person borrowing the money and Mortgagee is the person lending the money.  Mortgage indexes are very helpful as I have discovered several instances where people did not record the deed of the property, however the Mortgagee often made sure that his mortgage document papers were filed properly.

There are several good books available that will give you the current addresses and descriptions of facilities such as; Ancestry's "Red Book," Everton's "The Handy Book for Genealogists," E. Wade Hone's "Land & Property Research in the United States," and a new favorite of mine, Gordon Remington's "New York State Towns, Villages, and Cities: A Guide to Genealogical Sources."

You probably have become familiar with the various federal and perhaps state censuses and have generally located the families that you wish to learn more about.  Some of the benefits of performing land research are that you might find family members mentioned in the documents directly or as possible witnesses, or in land border descriptions.  Often times this is where you will learn the first name of a man's wife as more often than not the wife was named as one of the grantors.  This was generally to satisfy the fact that the wife agrees to the sale of the property and that she understands her right of dower.  Often in the description of the survey of the property some of the neighbors' property lines are described and it is not unusual to locate other relatives in adjacent properties.

Sometimes you will discover from whence a person came for it might be mentioned that the person purchasing the property is of his previous address and the same goes for the seller that might have moved on in the general westward migration movement.  I was able to locate the new location of a person that used to live in Onondaga County by searching the early records at the Onondaga County Clerk's Office (OCCO) in the indexes of "Miscellaneous Records."  In it he had given Power of Attorney to his father to sell his property in Onondaga County and to settle a mortgage that the father held on the property while the son had now moved on to Iowa soon after the U.S. Civil War.

It is a good idea to get a copy of all physical documents, maps and perhaps photographs of the area to help you find the present property locations and perhaps the ancestral home of the persons that you are researching.  Some of the items that I find of enormous usefulness are; Land Ownership Maps, County and City Atlases, topographical maps, current county Highway Maps, and a wonderful online source that is available to everyone, The U.S. Geographical Survey"s "Geographical Names Information System (GNIS.)"  http://geonames.usgs.gov/

When you get to this site go to "Query the GNIS Online Data Bases" and click on "United States and Territories."  Next you can select the locality that you are interested in sometimes even down to a small hamlet name or local landmark.  After you selected a Feature Name and State or Territory you will be provided with a list of the possibilities that are within the data base and then you can look at either a Topographical Map of the area that can be enlarged and scrolled to your area of interest that best suits you or you can also look at a current Aerial Photograph of the same area that was selected on the topo map.  You will probably have to flip back and forth between the two selections to familiarize yourself with the actual placement of the property that you are searching.  I have found the aerial photos to be of extreme interest.  They were done at various times, some by airplane photography and some by modern satellite photos, and of varying types but some of them are very detailed.  You can often see the white lines in the highways, locate old abandoned roads, and even locate cemeteries by the open fields with unusual driveway patterns in them.  You will notice that sometimes as you zoom in on the topo maps that the source map changes to a different date map entirely, as they were drawn in various scales throughout time.  These images are quite large in file size so if you are on a dialup modem you must be patient.  Those of you that have cable modems or some other higher form of bandwidth, should have no problem.

In the mid to late 1800's many companies published large wall maps for most of the counties in the popularly established states and counties.  A huge collection of most all of these maps available have been collected by the Library of Congress, and are held under the category of "Land Ownership Maps," and though they are not available online you can look at them in major reference libraries.  The Onondaga County Public Library (OCPL) has those that are extant for New York State and the Bird Library at Syracuse University has them for all of the New England and some of the Atlantic States.  These maps are on microfiche and may be viewed and printed for your own later use in the field.  The publisher actually hired an agent that walked all of the roads and visited the houses to record the data and measure the roadways.  You will find the owner or occupant's name of each of the houses shown on the maps.  It is fun to try to correlate these maps with the nearest census information.  Often times one can discover the actual route that the census enumerator took in his survey by comparing the order of visitation to the Land Ownership Map.

County Atlases were also usually published in the mid to late 1800's and are a book of maps of each town and sometimes smaller communities and cities within the county named.  These maps also show the names of the property owners of each of the houses.  When you compare these maps to your known family history findings you will often discover that the boys did not usually go too far off the hill to marry the girl next door.  Roads and transportation were quite often difficult in the early days to say the least.  Fairly good quality reproductions of many of these county atlas maps are available for purchase at http://www.oldmapsne.com

I think nothing of jumping in my car to take off for a day or two of research in some far away ancestral community but I have a very fond memory of discovering the parentage of one of my ancestors by working on his brother who was older and happened to have been in the Revolutionary War.  My ancestor, James CLARK (1764-1839) came to Onondaga County as a pioneer settler in the early 1800's and according to family lore, he was from Windsor, Connecticut.  I worked on him for a long time and then I came across another researcher in Idaho that had worked on him for many years and had even paid a professional researcher in Hartford, CT $3,000 to attempt to locate proof of his birth and parentage.  Using land record research similar to what I am describing here I found that my James had purchased fifty acres in the Town of Marcellus near the Town line of Onondaga on the Pleasant Valley Road.  I also noticed the same day that he recorded his deed a George CLARK recorded the fifty acres adjacent to James's property.

Quite by accident while rummaging through Miscellaneous Records at the (OCCO) there was a record of a George CLARK who had filed for a pension for his Revolutionary War Service in 1818 and that the court had denied it because he had no documented proof.  I had no idea who this person was but made a note of it and at some time later found that a man by this name had received a pension in 1832.  Going to the microfilm collection of Revolutionary War Pension Files that are at (OCPL) I read in George's own handwriting that went something like this; "I had applied for a pension in 1818 in Onondaga County but was denied it because my papers had been damaged or lost in a fire.  So after the crops were in, I walked back to Windsor[!] and found three old comrades that vouched for my service to the satisfaction of the pension agency."  This seemed incredible to me as he was an old man at the time, but did make me aware of the fact that many of the early travelers used their feet for travel.  Many common people did not have horses and buggies and the cost of travel on the Erie Canal was very expensive.

The end result was that by having proof that George was from Windsor I now concentrated on sources available at the Connecticut State Library in Hartford and discovered that there was a small community about five miles from the center of Windsor that was known as Wintonbury Parish and they had petitioned the Congregational Church to form their own Parish as it was too difficult to attend Sabbath in the winter as was required by law.  Once I located the microfilm of that church's records I soon found George, his parents, siblings and earlier ancestors back to the Honorable Daniel CLARK, one of the first Secretaries of the Colony of Connecticut.  Oh and by the way, my James's christening had been recorded in the church record book as "Jemme" CLARK, 21 NOV 1764, son of Solomon and Ann (ASHLEY) CLARK.

If your research project takes you into the more urban communities you will have some of the same types of resources available.  Most cities had large Atlas books of maps that will show Wards, Blocks, Developments and some property owners' names.  These City Atlases can be used in conjunction with the City Street Directories for the same time period to help to pinpoint exactly where your people lived.  There are also the exciting Sanborn Fire Insurance Maps available for larger communities and you can determine details even to the type of construction of the buildings, such as wood, brick, stone, etc.  These Sanborn Maps may be purchased on microfilm or viewed at most good reference libraries.  There is also a way to subscribe to the digital versions of these maps but the price is likely beyond the grasp of an individual subscriber.  Here is an excellent site that describes the Sanborn collection: http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/EART/snb-intr.html

If you are interested in Railroad History or want to locate communities that perhaps used to be viable but now might be extinct, you might be interested in the large collection of online maps at the Library of Congress called the "Railroad Maps Collection, 1828-1900," at http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/gmdhtml/rrhtml/rrhome.html

Our family saved a collection of letters of some of their relatives that moved out west in the migration and for instance one of the letters in the 1850's said "...take the cars to Blackberry Station and father will meet you".   Not knowing where Blackberry Station was and not finding it on any modern maps or searchable databases I started using these old Railroad Maps and eventually found it as a rail stop in what is now Kane County Illinois.  Often times in researching your ancestor's deed descriptions you will find rights of way described which might be for a railroad, which may also help you locate further details.

One site of extreme interest to historians with a fondness for maps should be a model for all communities.  This particular site is mostly helpful for Cayuga County and some of the surrounding communities and has been done as a labor of love by Bill Hecht , Bernie Corcoran and others and includes most all known maps and views that are available for this part of Central NY.  They have scanned at very high quality the various Land Ownership Maps, Atlases, and other maps and documents that they could find.  My wish is that every county coordinator of the U.S GenWeb county website pages would look at this website and attempt to duplicate it's style for their own. http://www.rootsweb.com/~nycayuga/maps.htm

As you no doubt are a computer user and probably an internet user you should look at the GenWeb site for each county you are doing research in.  You will find different resources and levels of data from county to county as these sites are maintained and built by volunteers, however some of them are very elaborate and contain invaluable amounts of data.  Many of them will have details that will help you perform your Land Ownership research.  http://www.usgenweb.org/

Another great site that is available for maps of various types is: The David Rumsey Collection at http://www.davidrumsey.com/

With the high tech resources available to even the most casual computer user today you can take advantage of these maps and photos and can even scan them into your genealogical database program if it so allows.  It helps to flesh out an otherwise boring list of names and dates of people.  When you can relate to the actual place that people lived and what their community was like it helps to put meat on the bones of these long gone but not forgotten ancestors.

A select list of resources:

The following available at www.ancestry.com

Ancestry's Red Book; American State, County, and Town Sources
ISBN 0-916489-47-7, 858 pages, 8 � by 11, hardbound.

County Court House Book
Elizabeth Petty Bentley
ISBN 0-806314850, 405 pages, paperback

Land & Property Research in the United States
D. Wade Hone
ISBN 0-91648968X
517 pages,

The Source: A Guidebook to American Genealogy
846 pages, 8 1/2 by 11, hardbound
ISBN 0-916489-67-1

Bureau of Land Management: Land Patent Records � CDROM
Selected States

Handybook for Genealogists
Everton Publishers
ISBN: 1932088008, 880 pages, hardcover,
March 2003,
$59.95 www.everton.com

New York State Towns, Villages, and Cities: A Guide to Genealogical Sources
Gordon L. Remington, FUGA, FASG
ISBN: 088082-142-6, NEHGS 2002, 80 pages, $17.95  www.nehgs.org

If you are going to purchase these books I would suggest searching various vendors as sometimes the prices can be found cheaper at some discount sites.  Of course, these books are most likely available at your local genealogical research library but if you become a total genealogical nut you will most likely want to purchase some of them for ready reference and new ideas to pursue.


spacer.png, 0 kB
spacer.png, 0 kB