viagra c20 30 hours buy viagra phitzer taking 450 mg wellbutrin augmentin 250 mg pret credit pc repair company names alpha male viagra legitimate generic viagra absolutely free annual credit report online fix how to raise your credit score legally generic wellbutrin 75mg viagra dosage uk generic viagra echeck virketid viagra credit agencies marketing strategies used by banks lexapro online reviews mg. de cialis what is the best place to check my credit score free credit checks online cialis canada 5mg viagra 50 mg effects where to get credit report for free annual viagra the cobra viagra polski zamiennik lexapro nausea 5mg lisinopril 20 mg 941 doxycycline 100 mg dosering cheapest viagra america disability tax credit 411 information canada xenical buy europe how do i delete my credit karma account credit reference landlord credit checks for tenants cialis 5 mg contraindicaciones cialis 10 mg wirkungsdauer buspar reviews for depression rebuilding credit after bankruptcy uk how to check my credit card balance online citibank buy cialis cmu cialis order croatia credit repair free employment services for the disabled viagra available portugal instant online bad credit instant cash loans approval kegunaan lexapro 10 mg vimax side effects bottle buy celebrex drugstore payday loans cash advance online fair credit and reporting act form online celebrex metformin cause spotting cheap viagra danmark viagra 11 commandements money shop direct student loan online trental 400 pentoxifylline how to get a bad credit report removed using cipro 500mg generic cialis wholesalers does disputing credit report mcat taking practice test help score lekarz rodzinny viagra viagra online predaj lisinopril 20 mg and tesco sells viagra best credit air conditioner repair company in houston payday advance online no denial life insurance fair credit reporting act (fcra) definition lisinopril 20mg whats viagra makes larger how to improve experian credit rating understanding credit reports powerpoint where can i how often can i get my credit checked buspar generic buspirone cost of propecia no prescription prednisone online equifax free credit report online unavailable cialis 10mg last in singapore viagra credit repair small business software for macs lexapro generic 30 mg cz apotheke viagra buy viagra pretoria viagra et anevrisme american credit reporting act palm loan advances login government free credit report and score 25mls viagra lasix tabletten 40 mg pfizer viagra info abra generic viagra effects viagra females obtaining how do i run credit reports for tenants strattera 40mg effectiveness cheap cialis canadian glucophage 850 mg fiyati va provide viagra lisinopril 5 mg overdose viagra sperm taste what is the best online payday loans credit creditplus custom login screen credit repair moving cable companies in new york metformin sandoz 1000 mg take 4 5mg cialis how to get a cash advance on a credit card chase fico uk tax capital one bank credit card collections department phone number buy clomid drug generic viagra dominican garlic butter sauce for pasta blueberry 100 viagra buy medicine lasix tablets cialis preise 5mg how do i order my credit reports for free cytotec 200 mg 28 tb viagra safeway lexapro anxiety 5mg viagra helpline uk viagra online cipla turboscore credit repair software for business generic cialis 1.89 cialis dosage generic buy lisinopril generic why did they change the free credit report band bio clomid cycle 100mg viagra dosage canada avelox 400mg moxifloxacin credit repair leasing consultant license order free credit report from experian synthroid doses mg generic viagra youtube cheapest online cipro groene viagra pil new viagra ad generic viagra unsafe viagra online kaufen viagra feminino zestra metformin free prescriptions does veracity credit repair workshop hdfc credit card points levitra 20mg berichte propecia malaysia pharmacy real real deal credit repair brown viagra pill cialis 28 tablets cena thuoc lisinopril 10 mg generic viagra cost how to get tenant credit check canada prohormones viagra bactrim 200 40 mg fiyati propranolol for anxiety half life tips on how to improve how to boost your credit score fast viagra online cipla cialis 20 mg lily strattera online prices zithromax pfizer precio buy nolvadex tabs detailed check credit report history strattera drug online bedre end viagra synthetic viagra online xenical 120 mg gebrauchsanweisung viagra uk tableta dosage zoloft 100mg lamotrigine 200 mg image cialis tadalafil 2.5 mg free viagra pill viagra hours erect credit elementary book report forms printable cheap buspar 700 credit tv repair in mesquite tx cheapest viagra gauranteed how to improve credit rating burger king uk fast food online buy zithromax best credit checking services kamagra de 100mg online payday loan direct lenders only bad credit loans lasix tablet 40 mg silden viagra generic viagra box canadian generic viagra free credit history report australia order propecia 1 year us who is the who is the best credit repair company viagra per tori quick no credit loans thuoc kamagra 50mg key credit repair morton steel buildings credit repair consultant salary 3 10 best credit repair companies diflucan online india generic cialis 200 milligrams levitra tablets 20 mg cialis 100mg effets where to get credit score for free ez payday advance lawrence ks nyc federal trade commission identity theft report nolvadex 20 mg tabletas reading reading a credit report inquiries contact free credit score agencies buy wellbutrin online first cash advance store hours generic strattera 80 mg credit report tourist information canada viagra perdorimi viagra cost kroeger buy cheapest prednisone generique levitra 20 mg viagra fucking what is the best cash advance online barclays credit rating outlook any what are some good credit repair companies viagra propriedades check your credit report free without credit card lasix to buy levitra generic walgreens cialis 0.5 mgr viagra soft gels 100 diflucan mg ic hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg kamagra de 50 mg experian free credit report for landlords california fair credit collection act lasix 20 mg dosage viagra perindopril credit report history lorry length uk buy prednisone usa what are the three major credit companies best buy canada credit card apply where to get free credit how to get a free credit report once a year lexapro 20 mg dosage benazepril 10 mg tab teva viagra generico marcas lasix prescription generic viagra aust cialis 5 mg montreal zovirax tabs mexico airport viagra free credit free credit report and free scores us top best credit repair services amoxil 500 mg presentacion safest viagra online celebrex 100 mg pricing viagra wiki nl cialis cost walmart zoloft aukaverkanir online doctor cialis rebuilding credit cards no annual fee prednisolone with viagra levitra generic drug bad take viagra 17 free online credit score report valtrex prescription price zithromax 500 mg uk synthroid mgs buy viagra danmark doxycycline buy online 72 hour viagra cost nexium 40 mg cialis 20mg brand cheapest levitra 20mg cheapest uk propecia lexapro 20 mg cialis 5mg wiki fda viagra online viagra in vertigo viagra wikipedia.no 8000 mg viagra reviews american express credit secure cost is 50 viagra rebuild your credit credit cards unsecured generic augmentin dosage viagra bei asthma credit clean up attorney university of arizona understanding credit reports note taking guide credit repair magic letters cialis 5 vs 10 mg bactrim 200 40mg ulotka lisinopril cause migraines cialis generic prospect order medications overnight generic valtrex 500mg car loan credit cards for people with bad credit uk what is experian credit report phone number what is the credit card network disadvantageof viagra doxycycline doze 75mg prednisone medication mg viagra generico cinfa how to increase credit score by 100 points in 30 days cialis generic fake buy nexium prices stats on viagra easy no hassle payday loans with bad credit how to improve credit score credit card levitra 5mg alcohol viagra supply cialis 80 mg. metoprolol en viagra methadone with viagra achat viagra naturel how to increase credit score 20 points fast doxycycline mrsa cause kamagra 160 mg buy levitra generic blueberry 100 viagra negatives celia viagra credit score range canada updating wrong information on credit reports levitrabuy cheap levitra beacon credit repair reviews forums getting purchase credit scores only viagra after ejulation full free online credit report canada viagra vendetta total free credit reports online viagra 100mg use lisinopril overdose 80 mg fixing your credit i want to buy a house who can request a consumer free u s credit reports where to buy bayer levitra 20mg Online Levitra 180 pills instant payday loan online no faxing generic viagra natural delivery abroad viagra 20 mg lexapro yahoo bootleg online cialis plus loan credit check erythromycin dose rxlist viagra online sverige credit restoration software for business 250 mg zoloft nausea lexapro generic dose capital one how to can i get a cash advance without a checking account what age viagra free credit report with employment history power pill viagra is viagra help cialis 5 mg testimonials antivert medication over the counter nexium 10 mg iv 20 mg doxycycline rosacea check my credit watch history online free generic xenical canada levitra strength mg levitra de 5 mg can you sue penalty for false credit reporting mygra generic viagra viagra nota cuf xenical buy australia books tips on fixing bad credit credit report actual ssi payment amounts by state credit repair fence companies in fayetteville nc generic levitra strips potentiate viagra tips on fixing your credit score after bankruptcy disputing paid collections on credit report toyota credit canada change address uk credit report ?2 canaca generic viagra cheapest viagra generic viagra dosage 10 mg how to how to rebuild your credit creditors cheap propecia how to restrict access to credit reports bad credit loan lenders only uk revatio vs. viagra current country credit ratings order nolvadex 20mg escitalopram lexapro 10mg viagra ise yaramadi credit credit repair for dummies ebook is credit karma score accurate selling merchant cash advances if a business has received cash in advance of services performed card credit for bad credit viagra category drug what viagra does generic levitra issues the viagra condom strattera 100 mg dosage black bull viagra clavamox dosage for cats metformin 250 mg india can you get a car loan lease a car with bad credit uk kamagra 100 mg etkisi prednisone 10 mg reviews sildenafil citrate tablets 50mg buy prednisone steroids zantac and viagra viagra then running attorney free credit repair guides credit repair services nyc generic viagra 60 peoples credit company inc. recreational viagra forum how to check credit history in canada td1 bad free credit clean up viagra pill sizes levitra 10mg walgreens metformin 850 mg axcount emerald advance loans 2013 understanding credit scores ranges buspar dosing smoking viagra de 200 mg viagra online.com active viagra cheap credit building credit cards for bad credit medstore pills online pharmacy what is good credit score uk free credit free credit repair forms and letters arthritis in hands zithromax generic 500mg credit repair companies things to do in las vegas nv cialis jelly buy tadalafil in india giving half viagra 22 and taking viagra 80mg of lexapro dsi credit repair websites for sale viagra administrare cialis generico 5 mg viagra a los 19 lasix 500mg tab 200 mg cialis safe cheap zovirax pills vinegar and viagra viagra stuffy head credit repair social services in savannah ga dapoxitine and viagra viagra france livraison fabio maiorano viagra viagra andere potenzmittel viagra tablets ingredients credit score ratings chart 2012 cialis pill id how to get a credit card under 18 diflucan 800 mg iv fcra sears canada furniture capital one business credit card log in viagra generico venezuela how do i get my fico score for free order cytotec online credit plus inc palm springs ca what is credit scoring model what is good credit score in canada allied cash advance in richmond va credit ac repair tampa bay propranolol 160 mg er buy viagra tablet viagra in oklahoma capital one business credit card payment address berifen 100 sri credit report mcat scores what is good longis cialis onlineapotheke alphagan 0.1 view free experian credit report seroflo 500 multi haler yellow mexican viagra found husbands cialis ciprofloxacin viagra interaction zoloft 50 mg prospect speed and viagra warning generic viagra ist viagra empfehlenswert flavoured generic cialis oxycodone vs viagra generic viagra real imported viagra delhi credit score information freedom act buying viagra amsterdam kewl viagra cipro 500 no prescription viagra ativan interaction propranolol 10mg tablets when to dispute credit report information levitra online at generic medication cialis cash advance lenders in ohio online levitra australia how to apply for a credit card in hdfc good credit score ratings ranges erythromycin breastfeeding uk generic viagra 50mg veracity ovation credit repair complaints cialis online worldwide arcoxia 90mg tablets check your transunion free credit report online free annual credit report how to get a free copy of credit report online how do i get credit annual credit report mailed to me obtaining credit reports on others credit credit repair lawyers new york viagra yahel buspar 15 mg medication over the counter antibiotic in canada zithromax online purchase viagra moms phamarcy viagra registration email buy online cialis is credit auto repair legal advice the truth about credit repair agencies cialis viagra ingredients propranolol 10 mg precio credit repair business in a box free download canadian free business credit reports
spacer.png, 0 kB
| UNYG Blog UNYG Blog | Favorite Links Favorite Links | FAQs FAQs | Contact Us Contact Us | Privacy Privacy | Site Map |
Print E-mail

On Using Land Records in Genealogy Research


By: Dick Hillenbrand

After doing historical and genealogical research since the 1960's I would like to recommend that fellow researchers take advantage of a few of the tricks of the trade that I have had the good fortune to have discovered or to have been taught by others.

The greatest amount of historical study that I am familiar with has been in central New York State, New England and the upper mid-western states.  The resources are generally similar and the descriptions given herein are likely the same in most places in America.  Most of what will be described shall concern relatively so called modern land records, such as the 19th, and 20th century.  Colonial records are quite often accessible through various sources however I will attempt to cover those in another paper.

It will be important to locate the current facility that is required by law to house the documents that you will be using.  The various county clerks' offices are where you are going to want to go and to learn how to use their indexes and finding aids.  You will want to learn what some of the terms are and how they might aid you in your search.  Grantor is the title of the person or party's selling the property.  Grantee is the title of the person purchasing or taking possession of the property.  Mortgagor is the person borrowing the money and Mortgagee is the person lending the money.  Mortgage indexes are very helpful as I have discovered several instances where people did not record the deed of the property, however the Mortgagee often made sure that his mortgage document papers were filed properly.

There are several good books available that will give you the current addresses and descriptions of facilities such as; Ancestry's "Red Book," Everton's "The Handy Book for Genealogists," E. Wade Hone's "Land & Property Research in the United States," and a new favorite of mine, Gordon Remington's "New York State Towns, Villages, and Cities: A Guide to Genealogical Sources."

You probably have become familiar with the various federal and perhaps state censuses and have generally located the families that you wish to learn more about.  Some of the benefits of performing land research are that you might find family members mentioned in the documents directly or as possible witnesses, or in land border descriptions.  Often times this is where you will learn the first name of a man's wife as more often than not the wife was named as one of the grantors.  This was generally to satisfy the fact that the wife agrees to the sale of the property and that she understands her right of dower.  Often in the description of the survey of the property some of the neighbors' property lines are described and it is not unusual to locate other relatives in adjacent properties.

Sometimes you will discover from whence a person came for it might be mentioned that the person purchasing the property is of his previous address and the same goes for the seller that might have moved on in the general westward migration movement.  I was able to locate the new location of a person that used to live in Onondaga County by searching the early records at the Onondaga County Clerk's Office (OCCO) in the indexes of "Miscellaneous Records."  In it he had given Power of Attorney to his father to sell his property in Onondaga County and to settle a mortgage that the father held on the property while the son had now moved on to Iowa soon after the U.S. Civil War.

It is a good idea to get a copy of all physical documents, maps and perhaps photographs of the area to help you find the present property locations and perhaps the ancestral home of the persons that you are researching.  Some of the items that I find of enormous usefulness are; Land Ownership Maps, County and City Atlases, topographical maps, current county Highway Maps, and a wonderful online source that is available to everyone, The U.S. Geographical Survey"s "Geographical Names Information System (GNIS.)"  http://geonames.usgs.gov/

When you get to this site go to "Query the GNIS Online Data Bases" and click on "United States and Territories."  Next you can select the locality that you are interested in sometimes even down to a small hamlet name or local landmark.  After you selected a Feature Name and State or Territory you will be provided with a list of the possibilities that are within the data base and then you can look at either a Topographical Map of the area that can be enlarged and scrolled to your area of interest that best suits you or you can also look at a current Aerial Photograph of the same area that was selected on the topo map.  You will probably have to flip back and forth between the two selections to familiarize yourself with the actual placement of the property that you are searching.  I have found the aerial photos to be of extreme interest.  They were done at various times, some by airplane photography and some by modern satellite photos, and of varying types but some of them are very detailed.  You can often see the white lines in the highways, locate old abandoned roads, and even locate cemeteries by the open fields with unusual driveway patterns in them.  You will notice that sometimes as you zoom in on the topo maps that the source map changes to a different date map entirely, as they were drawn in various scales throughout time.  These images are quite large in file size so if you are on a dialup modem you must be patient.  Those of you that have cable modems or some other higher form of bandwidth, should have no problem.

In the mid to late 1800's many companies published large wall maps for most of the counties in the popularly established states and counties.  A huge collection of most all of these maps available have been collected by the Library of Congress, and are held under the category of "Land Ownership Maps," and though they are not available online you can look at them in major reference libraries.  The Onondaga County Public Library (OCPL) has those that are extant for New York State and the Bird Library at Syracuse University has them for all of the New England and some of the Atlantic States.  These maps are on microfiche and may be viewed and printed for your own later use in the field.  The publisher actually hired an agent that walked all of the roads and visited the houses to record the data and measure the roadways.  You will find the owner or occupant's name of each of the houses shown on the maps.  It is fun to try to correlate these maps with the nearest census information.  Often times one can discover the actual route that the census enumerator took in his survey by comparing the order of visitation to the Land Ownership Map.

County Atlases were also usually published in the mid to late 1800's and are a book of maps of each town and sometimes smaller communities and cities within the county named.  These maps also show the names of the property owners of each of the houses.  When you compare these maps to your known family history findings you will often discover that the boys did not usually go too far off the hill to marry the girl next door.  Roads and transportation were quite often difficult in the early days to say the least.  Fairly good quality reproductions of many of these county atlas maps are available for purchase at http://www.oldmapsne.com

I think nothing of jumping in my car to take off for a day or two of research in some far away ancestral community but I have a very fond memory of discovering the parentage of one of my ancestors by working on his brother who was older and happened to have been in the Revolutionary War.  My ancestor, James CLARK (1764-1839) came to Onondaga County as a pioneer settler in the early 1800's and according to family lore, he was from Windsor, Connecticut.  I worked on him for a long time and then I came across another researcher in Idaho that had worked on him for many years and had even paid a professional researcher in Hartford, CT $3,000 to attempt to locate proof of his birth and parentage.  Using land record research similar to what I am describing here I found that my James had purchased fifty acres in the Town of Marcellus near the Town line of Onondaga on the Pleasant Valley Road.  I also noticed the same day that he recorded his deed a George CLARK recorded the fifty acres adjacent to James's property.

Quite by accident while rummaging through Miscellaneous Records at the (OCCO) there was a record of a George CLARK who had filed for a pension for his Revolutionary War Service in 1818 and that the court had denied it because he had no documented proof.  I had no idea who this person was but made a note of it and at some time later found that a man by this name had received a pension in 1832.  Going to the microfilm collection of Revolutionary War Pension Files that are at (OCPL) I read in George's own handwriting that went something like this; "I had applied for a pension in 1818 in Onondaga County but was denied it because my papers had been damaged or lost in a fire.  So after the crops were in, I walked back to Windsor[!] and found three old comrades that vouched for my service to the satisfaction of the pension agency."  This seemed incredible to me as he was an old man at the time, but did make me aware of the fact that many of the early travelers used their feet for travel.  Many common people did not have horses and buggies and the cost of travel on the Erie Canal was very expensive.

The end result was that by having proof that George was from Windsor I now concentrated on sources available at the Connecticut State Library in Hartford and discovered that there was a small community about five miles from the center of Windsor that was known as Wintonbury Parish and they had petitioned the Congregational Church to form their own Parish as it was too difficult to attend Sabbath in the winter as was required by law.  Once I located the microfilm of that church's records I soon found George, his parents, siblings and earlier ancestors back to the Honorable Daniel CLARK, one of the first Secretaries of the Colony of Connecticut.  Oh and by the way, my James's christening had been recorded in the church record book as "Jemme" CLARK, 21 NOV 1764, son of Solomon and Ann (ASHLEY) CLARK.

If your research project takes you into the more urban communities you will have some of the same types of resources available.  Most cities had large Atlas books of maps that will show Wards, Blocks, Developments and some property owners' names.  These City Atlases can be used in conjunction with the City Street Directories for the same time period to help to pinpoint exactly where your people lived.  There are also the exciting Sanborn Fire Insurance Maps available for larger communities and you can determine details even to the type of construction of the buildings, such as wood, brick, stone, etc.  These Sanborn Maps may be purchased on microfilm or viewed at most good reference libraries.  There is also a way to subscribe to the digital versions of these maps but the price is likely beyond the grasp of an individual subscriber.  Here is an excellent site that describes the Sanborn collection: http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/EART/snb-intr.html

If you are interested in Railroad History or want to locate communities that perhaps used to be viable but now might be extinct, you might be interested in the large collection of online maps at the Library of Congress called the "Railroad Maps Collection, 1828-1900," at http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/gmdhtml/rrhtml/rrhome.html

Our family saved a collection of letters of some of their relatives that moved out west in the migration and for instance one of the letters in the 1850's said "...take the cars to Blackberry Station and father will meet you".   Not knowing where Blackberry Station was and not finding it on any modern maps or searchable databases I started using these old Railroad Maps and eventually found it as a rail stop in what is now Kane County Illinois.  Often times in researching your ancestor's deed descriptions you will find rights of way described which might be for a railroad, which may also help you locate further details.

One site of extreme interest to historians with a fondness for maps should be a model for all communities.  This particular site is mostly helpful for Cayuga County and some of the surrounding communities and has been done as a labor of love by Bill Hecht , Bernie Corcoran and others and includes most all known maps and views that are available for this part of Central NY.  They have scanned at very high quality the various Land Ownership Maps, Atlases, and other maps and documents that they could find.  My wish is that every county coordinator of the U.S GenWeb county website pages would look at this website and attempt to duplicate it's style for their own. http://www.rootsweb.com/~nycayuga/maps.htm

As you no doubt are a computer user and probably an internet user you should look at the GenWeb site for each county you are doing research in.  You will find different resources and levels of data from county to county as these sites are maintained and built by volunteers, however some of them are very elaborate and contain invaluable amounts of data.  Many of them will have details that will help you perform your Land Ownership research.  http://www.usgenweb.org/

Another great site that is available for maps of various types is: The David Rumsey Collection at http://www.davidrumsey.com/

With the high tech resources available to even the most casual computer user today you can take advantage of these maps and photos and can even scan them into your genealogical database program if it so allows.  It helps to flesh out an otherwise boring list of names and dates of people.  When you can relate to the actual place that people lived and what their community was like it helps to put meat on the bones of these long gone but not forgotten ancestors.

A select list of resources:

The following available at www.ancestry.com

Ancestry's Red Book; American State, County, and Town Sources
ISBN 0-916489-47-7, 858 pages, 8 � by 11, hardbound.
$44.95

County Court House Book
Elizabeth Petty Bentley
ISBN 0-806314850, 405 pages, paperback
$26.95

Land & Property Research in the United States
D. Wade Hone
ISBN 0-91648968X
517 pages,
$39.95

The Source: A Guidebook to American Genealogy
846 pages, 8 1/2 by 11, hardbound
ISBN 0-916489-67-1
$39.95

Bureau of Land Management: Land Patent Records � CDROM
Selected States
$26.95

Handybook for Genealogists
Everton Publishers
ISBN: 1932088008, 880 pages, hardcover,
March 2003,
$59.95 www.everton.com

New York State Towns, Villages, and Cities: A Guide to Genealogical Sources
Gordon L. Remington, FUGA, FASG
ISBN: 088082-142-6, NEHGS 2002, 80 pages, $17.95  www.nehgs.org

If you are going to purchase these books I would suggest searching various vendors as sometimes the prices can be found cheaper at some discount sites.  Of course, these books are most likely available at your local genealogical research library but if you become a total genealogical nut you will most likely want to purchase some of them for ready reference and new ideas to pursue.


 

 
spacer.png, 0 kB
spacer.png, 0 kB